by Romans during the first century BC, is a vast and beautiful
monument to the Renaissance, the artistic and cultural reawakening
of the 15th century.
Writers such as Dante, Petrarch and
Machiavelli contributed to its proud literary heritage, though
it was the paintings and sculptures of artists such as Botticelli,
Michelangelo and Donatello that turned the city into one
of the world’s greatest artistic capitals.